JWST’s “too massive” galaxy problem solved?! | A non-universal IMF


Remember those overmassive galaxies that JWST found that people claimed proved “the big bang never happened?” when in reality it was just that we couldn’t explain how they’d got so big? Well, turns out those galaxies probably aren’t that massive after all. In this video we’re chatting about one assumption (called the Initial Mass Function of stars) used to calculate their masses needed a bit of a tweak…

#jwst #astrophysics #bigbang

My previous video on these massive galaxies when they were first found:

• JWST has found MA…

Steinhardt et al. (2023; new IMF for early universe) -https://arxiv.org/pdf/2208.07879.pdf
Boylan-Kolchin (2023; massive galaxies tension with λ CDM) – https://arxiv.org/pdf/2208.01611.pdf
Sneppen et al. (2022; temperature dependent IMF) – https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10…
Labbé et al. (2023; 6 massive galaxies in JWST data) – https://arxiv.org/pdf/2207.12446.pdf
Rana (1987; the initial mass function of stars) – https://articles.adsabs.harvard.edu/p…
Smith (2020; review on varying IMFs) – https://www.annualreviews.org/doi/pdf…
Hopkins (2018; review on how IMF is measured) – https://arxiv.org/pdf/1807.09949.pdf
Kroupa & Weidner (2003; Milky Way and local galaxies IMF) – https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10…

JWST observing schedules: https://www.stsci.edu/jwst/science-ex…
JWST data archive (with public access!): https://mast.stsci.edu/portal/Mashup/…
Twitter bot for JWST current observations: https://twitter.com/JWSTObservation


00:00 – Introduction
00:56 – Our best model of the Universe
03:14 – JWST’s overmassive “impossible” galaxies
04:12 – How we measure the mass of galaxies
06:15 – The initial mass function
08:59 – How the IMF affects JWST’s overmassive galaxies
11:16 – Is the IMF different in the early Universe?
13:43 – New estimates for the masses of these galaxies
16:33 – What’s next?
17:33 – Brilliant
18:42 – Bloopers


About agogo22

Director of Manchester School of Samba at http://www.sambaman.org.uk
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