Starting in the 20th century, the fertility rates of the world went crashing down. In just one or two generations nations went from 7 or 8 babies per woman on average to 1 or 2. In this video we visualize that change, look at differences between regions and predict what the future holds and what that means for the future of the human population.
Many factors come into play when fertility rates go down. Women’s access to education, the labour market and health care. The gender power balance in politics, communities and families. How cultural and religious aspects affect the community as well as the economic opportunities of the individual. To name a few.
Fertility rates are, alongside the death rate, the driving factor in the demographic transition and the reason why the population of nations stagnate and eventually fall.
00:16 Fertility map 1900-2022
03:56 Causes: Intro
05:13 Causes: Wealth and labour
07:15 Causes: Education
09:29 Causes: Culture and religion
12:21 Fertility map projections 2022-2100
Small Circles Forward by Daniel Karlsson Lönnö 2022.
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Music from Epidemic Sounds:
“Aokigahara” by Ambre Jaune downloaded from Epidemic Sounds. https://www.epidemicsound.com/
“Par Dream” by Farrell Wooten downloaded from Epidemic Sounds. https://www.epidemicsound.com/
“Puzzle of Complexity” by Jo Wandrini downloaded from Epidemic Sounds. https://www.epidemicsound.com/
“The Farmhouse” by Silver Maple downloaded from Epidemic Sounds. https://www.epidemicsound.com/
All videos from Storyblocks; https://www.videoblocks.com/.
Vectorized map: World with Countries – Single Color by FreeVectorMaps.com