Comentário espontâneo de Jorge Terra (procurador do estado e presidente da Comissão Sobre a Verdade da Escravidão Negra da Ordem dos Advogados do Brasil.)

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Father Nature! | Amaury Guichon

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Why Everything You Thought You Knew About Quantum Physics is Different – with Philip Ball

Quantum physics has a reputation as one of the most obscure and impenetrable subjects in science.
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Philip Ball will talk about what quantum theory really means – and what it doesn’t – and how its counterintuitive principles create the world we experience.

Watch the Q&A:

Philip Ball is a freelance science writer. He worked previously at Nature for over 20 years, first as an editor for physical sciences (for which his brief extended from biochemistry to quantum physics and materials science) and then as a Consultant Editor. His writings on science for the popular press have covered topical issues ranging from cosmology to the future of molecular biology.

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Why the volcanic eruption in Tonga was so violent, and what to expect next | The Conversation

Professor of Earth Sciences, University of Auckland

AAP/Japan Meteorology Agency

The eruption is akin to a weapons-grade chemical explosion, and there could be several weeks or even years of major volcanic unrest to follow.

The Kingdom of Tonga doesn’t often attract global attention, but a violent eruption of an underwater volcano on January 15 has spread shock waves, quite literally, around half the world.

The volcano is usually not much to look at. It consists of two small uninhabited islands, Hunga-Ha’apai and Hunga-Tonga, poking about 100m above sea level 65km north of Tonga’s capital Nuku‘alofa. But hiding below the waves is a massive volcano, around 1800m high and 20km wide.

A map of the massive underwater volcano next to the Hunga-Ha’apai and Hunga-Tonga islands.

A massive underwater volcano lies next to the Hunga-Ha’apai and Hunga-Tonga islands. Author provided

The Hunga-Tonga-Hunga-Ha’apai volcano has erupted regularly over the past few decades. During events in 2009 and 2014/15 hot jets of magma and steam exploded through the waves. But these eruptions were small, dwarfed in scale by the January 2022 events.

Our research into these earlier eruptions suggests this is one of the massive explosions the volcano is capable of producing roughly every thousand years.[…]

Continue reading: Why the volcanic eruption in Tonga was so violent, and what to expect next

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The 6 Year Overnight Success | Julie Nolke | TEDxIIITA

Julie talks about how success is perceived, efforts that go unnoticed until one achieves recognition. She encourages the audience to be with dedicated towards their life goals as the only question is how long it will take one to become an overnight success. Social Media influencer This talk was given at a TEDx event using the TED conference format but independently organized by a local community. Learn more at

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Piss off? Annoy? Shit on? Why Macron’s use of the French swear word ‘emmerder’ is so hard to translate | The Conversation

He said what? Frederic Legrand – COMEO/Shutterstock

You can only properly translate French scatological swear words if you consider who is using them. In this case, the most powerful person in France.

When French president Emmanuel Macron vowed to “emmerder” the unvaccinated in France, he did not just throw down the gauntlet on his Covid policies, he also sparked a fervent linguistic debate.

The word emmerder is a verb derived from the noun merde, which in English literally translates to “shit”. But properly translating emmerder is far from straightforward, leaving the international media struggling to find the best equivalent. Did Macron want to “fuck” the unvaccinated? To “piss them off”? To “hassle” them? To “annoy” them?

Official translation aids were of little use in this instance: parallel corpora, which can be a useful tool to see how a word or an expression is usually rendered in another language, are mostly made up of semi-official texts, where such a word would never appear. Even the corpus of translations from the European Parliament’s proceedings displays only one example of the verb, and it is translated as “annoy”, which is more often used as a translation of the much more polite irriter.

Part of the difficulty comes from the derogatory nature of the remark. “Hassle” or “annoy” erase the more colourful dimension of this profanity, perhaps in line with different editorial standards of some English-language media.

But losing the derogatory dimension of the verb means losing part of its meaning: translating meaning is not only a matter of factual accuracy, it is also a matter of speaker intention. To capture the expressive meaning of emmerder, we need to look not just at the word itself, but at the comprehensive speech act of Macron’s entire statement.

So what does it really mean to use the sentence, “I would very much like to emmerder the unvaccinated”?

Taking “shit” verbs seriously

Emmerder literally means “to cover someone with shit”, but it has long since lost its original meaning. The meaning that has received most attention since Macron’s statement is an expressive variety of irriter, “to annoy”, with an additional note of contempt for the irritated person’s opposition to their predicament.

But there are other uses, which are best understood if the French language’s vast trove of “shit” verbs is taken into consideration.

The basic derogatory verb for pooing in French is chier. There is also a transitive version of this verb, which can be used to frame the person or the thing being covered with faeces as a direct object: conchier. Conchier also has another meaning: “to have extreme contempt or hatred for someone or something”.

Read more: Pas de souci! The French war on saying ‘no worries’

Today, people usually use a prepositional construction, “chier sur quelque chose” or “chier dessus” (both meaning “to shit on”). There is also what grammarians call a causative for chier: “to have someone shit, to make someone shit” is to faire chier. This is an approximate equivalent to emmerder: to annoy, to bother, to piss off.

Both faire chier and emmerder also have a pronominal version, too: se faire chier or s’emmerder, both meaning “to be bored”. Note that their more formal equivalent is also a pronominal verb, s’ennuyer, whose non-pronominal variant, ennuyer, means nothing else than… “to annoy”.

So, there is a system here: whether polite or profane, the reflexive of “to annoy” means “to get bored”. Correspondingly, chiant and emmerdant have become synonyms, meaning annoying, tedious and boring.[..]


Maître de conférences en études germaniques, Université Bordeaux Montaigne

Continue reading: Piss off? Annoy? Shit on? Why Macron’s use of the French swear word ‘emmerder’ is so hard to translate

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Giant Centerpiece

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The people and problems you’ll encounter on Market Street… part 2! | the_manc

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Zombie Fungus or Energy Mushroom? The Ultimate Guide To Cordyceps

Cordyceps is a powerful medicinal mushroom used for energy, endurance, immunity and more. Learn the most important types, how they grow (some grow on bugs!) and what this powerful medicinal mushroom can do for you.

0:00 Intro
0:38 What Is Cordyceps?
1:02 Cordyceps Sinensis vs. Cordyceps Militaris
3:39 Cs-4
4:24 Compounds In Cordyceps
5:39 Cordyceps For Energy and Endurance
7:44 Cordyceps And Lung Health
8:35 Cordyceps For Stress (Adaptogenic Properties)
9:04 Cordyceps For Immune Support
9:42 Cordyceps For Libido
10:04 How To Use Cordyceps
12:17 Outro

Get the full guide here 👇…


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Move Slow | Viola Loves Cycling

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